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Standards development

Digital health standards are formal documents, developed by accredited standards development organisations, which have attained the consensus of experts. A standard may specify the use of required processes, criteria or methodology to improve consumer confidence that a digital health solution is safe and reliable.

Digital health specifications describe an explicit set of requirements or design criteria that must be satisfied. Specifications do not require the endorsement of an accredited standards development organisation but may be adopted into a standard by a standards development organisation. Specifications can also support conformance testing.

Multiple Australian and international standards development organisations exist to develop, maintain and publish standards needed by industry. Development of standards is a complex, open and transparent process requiring the input and consensus of multiple expert stakeholder groups.

Typically, the use of standards in Australia is voluntary. Standards may be specified in legislation or recommended for conformance. The Agency provides recommendations and guidance for industry seeking to connect to national infrastructure through the publication of developer guides, specifications, and conformance profiles.

Types of standards

Interoperability standards can be categorised by type:

  • Transport & Messaging - message formatting for data exchange between systems
  • Terminology & Vocabulary - structured classification systems for unanimous understanding of health concepts
  • Security - protection of control over personal or organisational information
  • Privacy - protection of data integrity and confidentiality
  • Identifiers - unique identification of an individual provider, patient, organisation or device
  • Content - organisation and structure of message content (data)

Industry networks

The Australian Digital Health Agency provides support for industry and governments to reach consensus on the selection and development of technical standards and to ensure standards are suitable for Australian industry requirements. We work with standards development organisations, state and territory governments, health care providers and consumers, academia, industry associations and software vendors to support stakeholder engagement and identify future needs for the benefit of all Australians who rely on safe, quality and equitable healthcare outcomes.

We are growing a community-of-practice for professionals with an interest in technical standards. The Agency is responding to several barriers to standards adoption identified by industry. The availability of multiple international, national and regional standards can present complex challenges in identifying appropriate resources for Australian use. Collective industry participation in standards selection, development and maintenance will strengthen expertise and help identify emerging sector needs.

Industry training and support

The Agency endorses the use of HL7 Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (HL7 FHIR). FHIR is an open, global standard available for rapid deployment of interoperable solutions. We provide training on FHIR implementation through our partnership with HL7 Australia.

Agency-funded places were offered in 2023. Further Agency-funded places will be offered in 2024 to continue to support the needs of software developers, solution architects, project managers, executives and government officials considering the use of HL7 FHIR.

  • FHIR Fundamentals for Australian Developers
  • Introduction to FHIR for Project Managers
  • Opportunities for Australia with SMART on FHIR Apps
  • What does it take to make the switch from HL7 V2 to FHIR?
  • Should my organisation implement FHIR?

For further information and to register your interest visit 

Digital Health Standards Catalogue

The Australian Digital Health Agency is developing a Digital Health Standards Catalogue. The catalogue will contain a library of published standards and specifications accessible via a single front-door.

The Digital Health Standards Catalogue will be a dynamic resource that is continually improved through co-design. The resource library will provide streamlined and up-to-date information on standards, specifications and supporting materials. Discussion forums will be launched alongside the catalogue to allow industry professionals to share experiences and insights on the use of standards, growing connections and collaboration across the sector.

Guiding principles


The guiding principles are evidence-based statements developed in consultation with our partners in standards and interoperability.

The principles aim to:  

  • Support the digital health community in fostering positive participation in standards development,
  • Guide the Australian healthcare technology sector in its adoption and implementation of digital health standards,
  • Set the foundation for working relationships between the Agency and standards development organisations in relation to standards development, prioritisation, selection, and maintenance.


Drawing on international evidence, the principles were developed with a community spirit at the heart of the project. The Agency consulted broadly throughout 2022 and distilled the key messages into the seven principles.

Guiding principles align and integrate with associated principles of standards development, monitoring and conformance which are already being used or being developed. The principles are a guide for the operation of the process and not for the selection of digital health standards themselves.

General enquiries:
Phone: 1300 901 001
Email: [email protected]